Overview # For a long time now, I’ve been using Censys/Shodan and DomainTools to look up hosts, attempt to correlate infrastructure to find overlaps and potentially attribute to C2s and other malicious hosts. There are so many data points to look at like JARM signatures, certificate data including historical analysis to watch hosting changes, service commonalities including the same web server hosted across multiple IPs, subdomains, etc. My point is this process almost always requires manual intervention at least first to visualize a pattern, then you can automate the infrastructure hunting for real-time monitoring.
Discovered in 2019, Mozi is a P2P botnet using the DHT protocol that spreads via Telnet with weak passwords and known exploits. Evolved from the source code of several known malware families; Gafgyt, Mirai and IoT Reaper, Mozi is capable of DDoS attacks, data exfiltration and command or payload execution. The malware targets IoT devices, predominantly routers and DVRs that are either unpatched or have weak telnet passwords. In a report from IBM, Mozi accounted for 90% of IoT network traffic between October 2019 and June 2020.
Bluetooth Low Energy # Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is a wireless communication technology specially designed to prolong battery life of devices with different power consumption and usage capabilities. BLE started in Bluetooth version 4.2 with the latest being 5.x. It’s known as “Bluetooth Smart” whereas previous versions are referred to as “Bluetooth Classic”. Bluetooth operates at 2.4GHz with a max distance of 100 meters. Version 5 is backwards compatible and provides double the speed, four times the distance, lower power requirement, better security, and higher reliability.
Authenticode Signature # The point of code signing certificates is to verify the file came from a trusted source, the file was not tampered with prior to receiving it, and the file’s origin can be validated. Code signing creates a hash of the code and encrypts it with a private key adding its signature. During execution, this signature is validated and if the hash matches, it gives assurance that the code has not been modified.
Bumblebee Sample # Bumblebee (Shindig) has been used by TA579 / BazaISO / Exotic Lily / Stolen Images to collect system information and exfil to a C2. Additional second-stage payloads include Cobalt Strike beacons. https://bazaar.abuse.ch/sample/70eb84a6bce741ff988116434e4f531a724257185ab92df8fcfa90b3def6568f/ Download zip > .iso file (password protected)> dll/lnk inside Once the ISO is mounted, the .dll and .lnk are visible. LNK Analysis # Using LECmd.exe to analyze the LNK file. If on Linux, Lnkinfo gives a similar output.